Chinese New Year will last until February of 2015 so it’s ok in my book to expound on a bit of Chinese cooking history. Did you know China is a country where the preparation and appreciation of food has been developed to the highest level?
The art of Chinese cooking has been developed and refined over many centuries. Emperor Fuxi taught people to fish, hunt, grow crops and to cook twenty centuries before Christ. However, cooking could not be considered an art until the Chou Dynasty
The two dominant philosophies of the Chinese culture are Confucianism and Taoism. Each influenced the course of Chinese history and the development of the culinary arts. Confucianism concerned itself with the art of cooking and placed great emphasis on the enjoyment of life. To the Chinese, food and friends are inseparable. A gathering without food is considered incomplete and improper. I totally agree with this – wouldn’t you?
Confucius loved and respected the art of cooking. He established culinary standards and proper table etiquette. Most of these are still considered to be the standards even today. The tradition of cutting foods into bite size pieces during preparation is unique to the Chinese culture. The use of knives at a Chinese dinner is considered “poor taste.” No wonder they used to look at me funny at the Chinese Restaurant when I was a kid when I asked for a knife to cut up my dim sum smaller.
Confucius taught that good cooking depends on the blending of various ingredients and condiments rather than the taste of the individual elements. He believed that in order to become a good cook one must first be a good matchmaker. The flavors of the ingredients must be blended with harmony. Without harmony there is no taste. He also stressed the use of color and texture in preparing the dish. Most certainly Confucianism helped elevate cooking from a menial task to the status of an art, “the art of Chinese cooking.” This is why ginger, onions and garlic are so widely used in the style of Chinese cooking
Taoism was responsible for the development of the hygienic aspects of food and cooking. The principle objectives of this philosophy were people’s wish for longevity. In contrast to supporters of Confucianism who were interested in the taste, texture and appearance, Taoists were concerned with the life-giving attributes of various foods. This gives credence to the making of “Long Life” Noodles each Chinese New Year.
Over the centuries the Chinese have explored the world of plants, roots, herbs, and seeds to find life-giving elements. They discovered that the nutritional value of vegetables could be destroyed by improper cooking and that many items had medicinal value. For example, ginger, a favorite condiment, is also used to soothe an upset stomach and as a cold remedy. Which is why you see more gingered featured as tea and candy now on the market. Don’t be afraid of the ginger knob 🙂
Unlike the majority of eastern cuisines most Chinese dishes are low-calorie and low-fat. Food is cooked using poly-unsaturated oils; milk, cream, butter and cheese are not a part of the daily diet. Animal fats are kept to a minimum due to the small portions of meats used. Please note, however, that some dishes served in Chinese restaurants may be considerably higher in calories and fats than those in any cookbook recipes that you prepare at home. So be careful of those hidden calories if you’re watching the waistline!